The Old New Thing

Which access rights bits belong to whom?

Each ACE in a security descriptor contains a 32-bit access mask. Which bits belong to whom? The access rights mask is a 32-bit value. The upper 16 bits are defined by the operating system and the lower 16 bits are defined by the object being secured. For example, consider the value 0x00060002 for the access rights mask. This breaks down as ...
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Which window style bits belong to whom?

There are 64 bits of styles in the parameters to CreateWindowEx. Which ones belong to whom? Windows defines the meanings of the high word of the dwStyle parameter and all of the bits in the dwExStyle parameter. The low 16 bits of the dwStyle parameter are defined by the implementor of the window class (by the person who calls RegisterClass...
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Which message numbers belong to whom?

Valid window messages break down into four categories. 0 .. 0x3FF (WM_USER-1): System-defined messages. The meanings of these messages are defined by the operating system and cannot be changed. Do not invent new messages here. Since the meanings are defined by Windows, the operating system understands how to parse the WPARAM and LPARAM ...
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Other tricks with WM_GETDLGCODE

The WM_GETDLCODE message lets you influence the behavior of the dialog manager. A previous entry on using WM_GETDLGCODE described the DLGC_HASSETSEL flag which controls whether edit control content is auto-selected when focus changes. I was going to write a bit about the other flags, but it turns out that Knowledge Base Article 83302 ...
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A shortcut to the Run dialog

Here's a little script that opens the Run dialog. You can save it as "Run.js" and double-click it. The advantage of this approach over various others people have come up with is that this one is actually documented. (And therefore is less likely to break in the next version of the operating system...

Make sure the buttons match the question

When your program displays a dialog box with buttons, please make the buttons match the text. Consider this dialog, which appears after you install patches from Windows Update: It asks a yes/no question, but the options are "OK" and "Cancel". Either the buttons should...
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Preventing edit control text from being autoselected in a dialog box

By default, when the user TABs to an edit control in a dialog box, the entire contents of the edit control are autoselected. This occurs because the edit control responds with the DLGC_HASSETSEL flag in response to the WM_GETDLGCODE message. To prevent it from happening, remove that flag. All this subclass procedure does is remove the ...
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Another different type of dialog procedure

The other method of using a window-procedure-like dialog box is to change the rules of the game. Normally, the window procedure for a dialog box is the DefDlgProc function, which calls the dialog procedure and then takes action if the dialog procedure indicated that it desired the default action to take place. The dialog procedure is ...
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Answer to previous exercise about m_fRecursing

Answer to previous exercise: The m_fRecursing flag does not need to be per-instance. It only needs to be valid long enough that the recursive call that comes immediately afterwards can be detected. However, a global variable would not work because two threads might be inside the recursive DefDlgProc call simultaneously. But a thread-local ...
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A different type of dialog procedure

In the discussion following my entry about dialog procedure return values, somebody suggested an alternate dialog design where you just call DefDlgProc to do default actions (the same way you write window procedures and DefWindowProc) rather than returning TRUE/FALSE. So let's do that. In fact, we're going to do it twice. I'll cover one ...
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