Validate PowerShell Parameters Before Running the Script

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Summary: Learn how to use Windows PowerShell parameter validation attributes to check parameters before running the script.

 

Hey, Scripting Guy! Question Hey, Scripting Guy! I have a problem that I think that you can help me with. I have created a Windows PowerShell script that allows Help Desk people to enter information about users such as the user’s telephone number. The idea is that when users call the Help Desk, the Help Desk technician updates the user’s information in Active Directory. We tried using a self-service portal to do this but the users were unable to perform that task correctly. When we requested a data dump from Human Resources (HR), we found that much of the information was incomplete. My problem is that the Help Desk people do not appear to enjoy doing this job and therefore they are sloppy. I need something to add to my script to ensure that the information is entered in the proper format. That is where you come in, I hope.

— HI

 

Hey, Scripting Guy! Answer Hello HI, Microsoft Scripting Guy Ed Wilson here. Today is Scripting Guys Day! It does not mean that my boss will take me out for lunch, or even buy me flowers . However, it does mean that I intend to do what I want today (except for the three meetings I have, and the one report I have to generate). The things that I enjoy doing the most are answering email messages that are sent to Scripter@Microsoft.Com and hanging out on Twitter. The fun thing about being the Microsoft Scripting Guy is getting to answer questions and help people to become more effective in using Windows PowerShell to resolve real-world problems. Yep, yep, yep, that is what I am going to do today. Not only is it Scripting Guys Day but the date can be expressed as 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(that is 3http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg in decimal) – now that ought to count for something.

As an aside, it is easy to perform numeric conversions using Windows PowerShell. To convert 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to decimal in Windows PowerShell, I use the static toInthttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg6 method from the system.convert .NET Framework class. This is shown here.

PS C:\> [convert]::ToInthttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg6(http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpghttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpghttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpghttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpghttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg,2)

3http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg

 

If on the other hand, I want to convert decimal 3http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg to binary, I use the ToString static method. This is seen here.

PS C:\> [convert]::ToString(3http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg,2)

http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpghttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpghttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpghttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpghttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg

 

By the way, I can convert 3http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg to hexadecimal by also using the toString static method. This time, I specify that I want base http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg6. This is seen here.

PS C:\> [convert]::ToString(3http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg,http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg6)

http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpgf

 

In the past, I have written about retrieving input, and about validating input by using various mechanisms. Today, I want to look at using parameter validation attributes. I am going to make it easy and examine telephone numbers. I say make it easy because I recently talked about how to use regular expressions to validate telephone numbers. Refer to that article for the Regex pattern explanation. A basic parameter validation for telephone numbers is seen in the Test-ParameterPatternBasic.pshttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg script.

Test-ParameterPatternBasic.pshttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg

Function Test-Parameters

{

 Param(

       [ValidatePattern(“\d{3}-\d{3}-\d{4}”)]

       $phoneNumber

 )

  Write-host “The phone number $phoneNumber is valid”

 

 } #end function Test-Parameters

 

 Test-Parameters -phoneNumber 999-555-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg2http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg2

 

The “trick” is to use the [ValidatePattern()] parameter validation attribute. Inside the () I place the regex pattern I want to use to validate the input value to the parameter. Here the regex pattern is “\d{3}-\d{3}-\d{4}”. That is the pattern that I copied from my previous Hey, Scripting Guy! Blog post. The pattern tells me that I am looking for three digits separated by a dash, followed by three digits, a dash, and four more digits. That is it.

As for placement of the [ValidatePattern(“\d{3}-\d{3}-\d{4}”)] attribute, it is placed before the parameter, but after the Param statement. I like to place them on their individual line in the script to ensure readability. Then the script runs, and a valid telephone number is submitted a message is displayed that the telephone number is valid. The cool thing is that the telephone number does not have to be enclosed in quotation marks. The output is seen in the following figure.

 

If a telephone number is submitted (or anything else that does not match the pattern previously described) an error will be generated. This error will describe the expected pattern, and is illustrated in the following figure. (I have highlighted the pattern portion of the error in yellow, and drawn an arrow to it. Normally, the error message would appear without these emendations.)

 

If the parameter is mandatory (as in the case of this script) I like to use the mandatory parameter attribute. When I do this, I also like to supply a help message that will be displayed if the function is called without supplying a value for the parameter. The revised script that uses the mandatory parameter attribute is seen here.

Test-ParameterPatternAdvanced.pshttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpg

Function Test-Parameters

{

 Param(

       [Parameter(Mandatory=$true,

                  HelpMessage=”Enter a valid telephone number xxx-xxx-xxxx”)]

 

       [ValidatePattern(“\d{3}-\d{3}-\d{4}”)]

       $phoneNumber

 )

  Write-host “The phone number $phoneNumber is valid”

 

 } #end function Test-Parameters

 

 Test-Parameters -phoneNumber http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpghttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg0-03.jpg9/04/questsoftware.png9/04/a-sm.jpg9/04/q-sm.jpghttp://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg9/04/hsg-02-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg9/04/hsg_perf4_0http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2019/04/2010_scriptgames_badge1.png9/04/hsg_perf3_02.jpg.jpg7-http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/20http://devblogs.microsoft.com/scripting/wp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The only change to the script was adding the mandatory parameter attribute. This is seen here.

       [Parameter(Mandatory=$true,

                  HelpMessage=”Enter a valid telephone number xxx-xxx-xxxx”)]

 

No commas are used to separate the two parameter validation attributes. Here the mandatory attribute and help message are a single command that is broken into two lines to display it on the blog. When the script is run, and the mandatory parameter is absent, a dialog appears (when running in Windows PowerShell ISE) with the help text listed below the prompt. This is seen in the following figure.

 

HI, that is all there is to using parameter validation attributes. Input week will continue tomorrow.

I invite you to follow me on Twitter or Facebook. If you have any questions, send email to me at scripter@microsoft.com or post them on the Official Scripting Guys Forum. See you tomorrow. Until then, peace.

 

Ed Wilson, Microsoft Scripting Guy

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