And… that cadence means it's halftime, concert-goers!

Raymond Chen

In college, one of my classmates (who is now the conductor of an orchestra, so I guess that whole music thing worked out for him) coined the term halftime to refer to a resounding cadence in the first half of a piece, the type of cadence that might fool an inattentive or unseasoned listener into thinking that the piece is over, when in fact it’s just getting started. We’re not talking about a false ending, which is comparatively easy to find, but rather a “big finish” when we’re nowhere near the finish. Also sprach Zarathustra has a big halftime cadence, complete with a reprise of the opening fanfare, at the end of Der Genesende. This was the piece that inspired the coinage of the term. Rhapsody on a Theme by Paganini has a quiet halftime cadence (echoing a big Dies Irae just a few seconds earier) in variation XX. Schubert’s Trout Quintet has a halftime cadence in the precise center of the final movement. Warning listeners about it doesn’t help. The first movement of Mahler’s Second Symphony has a massive halftime cadence. (Super sideburns version.) The piece closed Gerard Schwarz’s final concert (for nitpickers: Schwarz’s final regular-season concert as music director of the Seattle Symphony), and when the halftime cadence was reached, I heard scattered applause through the hall. Which told me a few things.

  • The people who attended that concert were not regular concert-goers. Another cue was that people were far more nattily-dressed than your average Seattle Symphony crowd, and we were in the third tier! (Now, I don’t normally sit in the third tier, so who knows, maybe the third-tier crowd is the dress-up crowd.)
  • The people who applauded under the mistaken impression that the piece was over were in for a big disappointment, since there was another hour to go!

Can you come up with other examples of halftime?

False ending sidebar: Haydn is famous for false endings and other tricks. Here’s a fun story about selling the false ending in Haydn’s 90th.


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