Check Spelling Script

PowerShell Team

After reading Marcel’s introductory piece on ScriptBlock, I decided to rewrite an old script of mine that checks the spelling of all text files in a directory. Here is what I came out with.

#region Parse a line to a list of words

$StringFind =
{param ($str, $start, $cond)
  if ($start -ge 0 -and $start -lt $str.Length) {
    for($i = $start; $i -lt $str.Length; $i++) {
      if (& $cond $str[$i]) {
        return $i
  return $str.Length

$IsLetter =
{param ([char]$c) [char]::isletter($c)}

$IsNotLetter =
{param ([char] $c) ! (& $IsLetter $c)}

function ParseFileForWord
{param ([string]$str)
  $end = 0
  for ($start = & $StringFind $str $end $IsLetter;
       $start -lt $str.Length;
       $start = & $StringFind $str ($end + 1) $IsLetter) {
    $end = & $StringFind $str $start $IsNotLetter
    write-object $str.substring($start, ($end – $start))

#endregion Parse a line to a list of words

$wordApp = New-Object -com Word.Application

get-content (dir *.txt) | foreach {ParseFileForWord $_} | where {!$wordApp.CheckSpelling($_)} | Sort -unique


A couple of things here. First I used a script block to parameterize StringFind. This saves me from writing similar-looking code for two functions: one to find the next letter in a string and the other to find the next non-letter . To accomplish the former I do $StringFind $str $i $IsLetter while $StringFind $str $i $IsNotLetter does the latter. Also, thanks to New-Object’s COMOBJECT parameter, it takes only several lines to carry out the spelling check part.

[Edit: Monad has now been renamed to Windows PowerShell. This script or discussion may require slight adjustments before it applies directly to newer builds.]


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