How can I log users off after a period of inactivity, rather than merely locking the workstation? Is there a “logoff” screen saver?
Aaron Margosis had a customer who wanted to set up something like a “logoff” screen saver.
Specifically, they have a large number of machines that are shared by multiple users. By default, when the session goes idle, the workstation locks. If a new user wants to use the computer, that new user logs in, but the previous user’s session continues running. Repeat for a dozen cycles, and the system now has a dozen idle sessions sitting around. They were looking for a way to configure the system so that instead of locking an idle user, the system logs them off.
The system is special-purpose: Each user is signed in for only a few minutes, fifteen tops. If the user walks away from the computer after starting their task and before completing it, they can just sign back in and start over. Therefore, forcibly logging the user off will not result in significant loss of data.
One idea that didn’t work was setting up a scheduled task that triggers on idle. This doesn’t work because the definition of “idle” used by the task scheduler requires the system to be close to 0% CPU in order to be considered idle, in addition to the lack of user input.
Another idea was writing a custom screen saver that logs the user off, but Aaron was hoping for a solution that didn’t involve writing code, because that means somebody has to build it, deploy it, maintain it, recompile it for new architectures, all the stuff that comes with writing code.
One of my colleagues came up with a solution that relies only on things found lying around the house:
- Use policy to enforce a screen saver with the desired idle timeout. It doesn’t matter what the screen saver is, as long as it’s a screen saver. The Blank screen saver works fine for this purpose.
- In Security Settings, Advanced Audit Policy Configuration, System Audit Policies, Logon/Logoff, configure “Other Logon/Logoff Events” to audit Success events.
- Define a scheduled task as follows:
- When running the task, use the following user account: Users.
- Triggers: Begin the task: On an event; Settings: Basic; Log: Security; Source: Microsoft Windows security auditing; Event ID: 4802.
- Actions: Start a program; Program/script: C:\Windows\System32\shutdown.exe; Add arguments: /l /f.
This exploits the ability to trigger a process to run based on an entry in the event log. We specify that we want audit events to be logged for successful Logon/Logoff events. When event 4802 (“The screen saver was invoked”) occurs, we launch the
shutdown.exe process with the
/l /f command line. The
/l option triggers a logoff, and the
/f option forces the logoff, so the user cannot block the logoff by, say, leaving an unsaved Notepad document on screen.
I thought this was a really clever solution, exploiting the ability to trigger a program based on events in the event log.
This is a frequently asked for feature around IT Pro circles. Answer always involved coding screensavers. This is a great way to do it using just built-in stuff! Bookmarking this one for sure!
Is this going to also log the user out if s/he tries to look at screensavers? If so, you’d want to also put in a policy to prevent users from changing the screensaver so they don’t get inexplicably logged out.
I didn’t know about the ability to trigger on audit events, but I’m curious about what would happen if you just directly set rwinsta.exe or logoff.exe as the screensaver executable name? I guess screensavers run in very privilege-restricted environments so that wouldn’t work?
Yeah, that was the first thing Aaron tried but it didn’t work because logoff.exe doesn’t understand the command line options passed to screen savers.
Terminal Services provide a policy specifically for that (\Windows Components\Remote Desktop Services\Remote Desktop Session Host\Session Time Limits\Set time limit for disconnected sessions). Weird that Windows itself doesn’t.
There is another similar and popular request – how to logon a user automatically then locks the screen when a server boots?
This reason for this is they got certain program to run on user session that cannot be run as service. And have screensaver lock it under 30 seconds is still too long. Using the system event or placing “logoff” on startup folder will block a user from logon.
And as for a specific purpose for this request – the server currently relies on WiFi connection, but the program supplied by the wireless card vendor for connection will only work when a user logs in, so before anyone logs in the server on console, noone has access to it.
I’ve got this exact scenario at a client, and I just stuck a shortcut to the Startup folder that runs rundll32.exe user32.dll,LockWorkStation
Oh, and if it’s just a WiFi connection, can’t you use the built-in WiFi support in Windows instead?
No, in the end we just wrote a powershell script running on logon, that will lock the session if uptime is less than 5 minutes.
Just curious if there’s some way to do this without writing code.
Idle logoff is a requirement in some NIST standards. We used an open source tool called Lithnet Idle Logoff.