Looking at the problem at the wrong level: Closing a process's stdin
A customer was having trouble manipulating the stdin stream that was given to a process.
How do you simulate sending Ctrl+Z to a hidden console process programmatically?
I am using
RedirectStandardInputand want to send the console a Ctrl+Z. I’ve tried sending ASCII code 26, but that doesn’t work.
GenerateConsoleCtrlEventsupports Ctrl+C and Ctrl+Break but not Ctrl+Z.
Here’s what I’m doing, but it doesn’t work:ProcessStartInfo info = new ProcessStartInfo(@"..."); info.CreateNoWindow = true; info.RedirectStandardError = true; info.RedirectStandardOutput = true; info.RedirectStandardInput = true; info.UseShellExecute = false; Process p = Process.Start(info); // 0x1A is ASCII code of Ctrl+Z but it does not work p.StandardInput.WriteLine("\x1A");
The customer was kind enough to do more than simply ask the question. The customer set up the scenario and even provided a code fragment that illustrates the problem. Which is good, because the original question was the wrong question.
The customer asked about simulating typing Ctrl+Z to a console, but what they actually doing was sending a character to stdin; they weren’t sending it to a console. In fact, the way they created the process, there is no console at all.
The customer confused stdin with consoles. It’s true that Ctrl+Z is the convention used by console windows to indicate that stdin should be closed. But that is hardly any consolation when you took control of stdin yourself and are not using a console window to manage it.
It’s like saying, “Normally, when I want somebody to take my order, I pull into a parking space and turn on my headlights, and somebody will come out. But I can’t get it to work.”
— Um, that’s because you pulled into your own driveway.
Ctrl+Z is a convention used by console windows to indicate that stdin should be closed, but if you said “I am going to manage stdin myself,” then you aren’t using a console window, and that convention carries no weight. If you write a Ctrl+Z to the process’s stdin, it will simply read a Ctrl+Z. But since you are managing stdin yourself, you can do it yourself: Just take the stream you set as the process’s stdin and close it.
Exercise: Perhaps you can answer this related question from a different customer:
I am trying to send a Ctrl+C (SIGINT) to a process.CurrentProcess = new Process(); CurrentProcess.StartInfo.FileName = "foo.exe"; CurrentProcess.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false; CurrentProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardInput = true; StandardInputWriter = CurrentProcess.StandardInput; char c = '\u0003'; StandardInputWriter.Write(c); StandardInputWriter.Flush(); StandardInputWriter.Close();
If I launch the process from a command prompt and type Ctrl+C, it flushes its output and terminates, but when I start it from within my application and send it a Ctrl+C via the code above, the process is still running. How do I send a Ctrl+C to a process?