ASP.NET Core and Blazor updates in .NET Core 3.0 Preview 8

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Sourabh

.NET Core 3.0 Preview 8 is now available and it includes a bunch of new updates to ASP.NET Core and Blazor.

Here’s the list of what’s new in this preview:

  • Project template updates
    • Cleaned up top-level templates in Visual Studio
    • Angular template updated to Angular 8
    • Blazor templates renamed and simplified
    • Razor Class Library template replaces the Blazor Class Library template
  • Case-sensitive component binding
  • Improved reconnection logic for Blazor Server apps
  • NavLink component updated to handle additional attributes
  • Culture aware data binding
  • Razor Pages support for @attribute
  • New networking primitives for non-HTTP Servers
  • Unix domain socket support for the Kestrel Sockets transport
  • gRPC support for CallCredentials
  • ServiceReference tooling in Visual Studio
  • Diagnostics improvements for gRPC

Please see the release notes for additional details and known issues.

Get started

To get started with ASP.NET Core in .NET Core 3.0 Preview 8 install the .NET Core 3.0 Preview 8 SDK

If you’re on Windows using Visual Studio, install the latest preview of Visual Studio 2019.

.NET Core 3.0 Preview 8 requires Visual Studio 2019 16.3 Preview 2 or later

To install the latest Blazor WebAssembly template also run the following command:

dotnet new -i Microsoft.AspNetCore.Blazor.Templates::3.0.0-preview8.19405.7

Upgrade an existing project

To upgrade an existing an ASP.NET Core app to .NET Core 3.0 Preview 8, follow the migrations steps in the ASP.NET Core docs.

Please also see the full list of breaking changes in ASP.NET Core 3.0.

To upgrade an existing ASP.NET Core 3.0 Preview 7 project to Preview 8:

  • Update Microsoft.AspNetCore.* package references to 3.0.0-preview8.19405.7.
  • Update package references to Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.Browser to instead reference Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.Web.
  • In Razor components rename OnInit to OnInitialized and OnInitAsync to OnInitializedAsync.
  • In Blazor apps, update Razor component parameters to be public, as non-public component parameters now result in an error.
  • In Blazor WebAssembly apps that make use of the HttpClient JSON helpers, add a package reference to Microsoft.AspNetCore.Blazor.HttpClient.
  • On Blazor form components remove use of Id and Class parameters and instead use the HTML id and class attributes.
  • Rename ElementRef to ElementReference.
  • Remove backing field declarations when using @ref or specify the @ref:suppressField parameter to suppress automatic backing field generation.
  • Update calls to ComponentBase.Invoke to call ComponentBase.InvokeAsync.
  • Update uses of ParameterCollection to use ParameterView.
  • Update uses of IComponent.Configure to use IComponent.Attach.
  • Remove use of namespace Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.Layouts.

You should hopefully now be all set to use .NET Core 3.0 Preview 8.

Project template updates

Cleaned up top-level templates in Visual Studio

Top level ASP.NET Core project templates in the “Create a new project” dialog in Visual Studio no longer appear duplicated in the “Create a new ASP.NET Core web application” dialog. The following ASP.NET Core templates now only appear in the “Create a new project” dialog:

  • Razor Class Library
  • Blazor App
  • Worker Service
  • gRPC Service

Angular template updated to Angular 8

The Angular template for ASP.NET Core 3.0 has now been updated to use Angular 8.

Blazor templates renamed and simplified

We’ve updated the Blazor templates to use a consistent naming style and to simplify the number of templates:

  • The “Blazor (server-side)” template is now called “Blazor Server App”. Use blazorserver to create a Blazor Server app from the command-line.
  • The “Blazor” template is now called “Blazor WebAssembly App”. Use blazorwasm to create a Blazor WebAssembly app from the command-line.
  • To create an ASP.NET Core hosted Blazor WebAssembly app, select the “ASP.NET Core hosted” option in Visual Studio, or pass the --hosted on the command-line

Create a new Blazor app

dotnet new blazorwasm --hosted

Razor Class Library template replaces the Blazor Class Library template

The Razor Class Library template is now setup for Razor component development by default and the Blazor Class Library template has been removed. New Razor Class Library projects target .NET Standard so they can be used from both Blazor Server and Blazor WebAssembly apps. To create a new Razor Class Library template that targets .NET Core and supports Pages and Views instead, select the “Support pages and views” option in Visual Studio, or pass the --support-pages-and-views option on the command-line.

Razor Class Library for Pages and Views

dotnet new razorclasslib --support-pages-and-views

Case-sensitive component binding

Components in .razor files are now case-sensitive. This enables some useful new scenarios and improves diagnostics from the Razor compiler.

For example, the Counter has a button for incrementing the count that is styled as a primary button. What if we wanted a Button component that is styled as a primary button by default? Creating a component named Button in previous Blazor releases was problematic because it clashed with the button HTML element, but now that component matching is case-sensitive we can create our Button component and use it in Counter without issue.

Button.razor

<button class="btn btn-primary" @attributes="AdditionalAttributes" @onclick="OnClick">@ChildContent</button>

@code {
    [Parameter]
    public EventCallback<UIMouseEventArgs> OnClick { get; set; }

    [Parameter]
    public RenderFragment ChildContent { get; set; }

    [Parameter(CaptureUnmatchedValues = true)]
    public IDictionary<string, object> AdditionalAttributes { get; set; }
}

Counter.razor

@page "/counter"

<h1>Counter</h1>

<p>Current count: @currentCount</p>

<Button OnClick="IncrementCount">Click me</Button>

@code {
    int currentCount = 0;

    void IncrementCount()
    {
        currentCount++;
    }
}

Notice that the Button component is pascal cased, which is the typical style for .NET types. If we instead try to name our component button we get a warning that components cannot start with a lowercase letter due to the potential conflicts with HTML elements.

Lowercase component warning

We can move the Button component into a Razor Class Library so that it can be reused in other projects. We can then reference the Razor Class Library from our web app. The Button component will now have the default namespace of the Razor Class Library. The Razor compiler will resolve components based on the in scope namespaces. If we try to use our Button component without adding a using statement for the requisite namespace, we now get a useful error message at build time.

Unrecognized component error

NavLink component updated to handle additional attributes

The built-in NavLink component now supports passing through additional attributes to the rendered anchor tag. Previously NavLink had specific support for the href and class attributes, but now you can specify any additional attribute you’d like. For example, you can specify the anchor target like this:

<NavLink href="my-page" target="_blank">My page</NavLink>

which would render:

<a href="my-page" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">My page</a>

Improved reconnection logic for Blazor Server apps

Blazor Server apps require a live connection to the server in order to function. If the connection or the server-side state associated with it is lost, then the the client will be unable to function. Blazor Server apps will attempt to reconnect to the server in the event of an intermittent connection loss and this logic has been made more robust in this release. If the reconnection attempts fail before the network connection can be reestablished, then the user can still attempt to retry the connection manually by clicking the provided “Retry” button.

However, if the server-side state associated with the connect was also lost (e.g. the server was restarted) then clients will still be unable to connect. A common situation where this occurs is during development in Visual Studio. Visual Studio will watch the project for file changes and then rebuild and restart the app as changes occur. When this happens the server-side state associated with any connected clients is lost, so any attempt to reconnect with that state will fail. The only option is to reload the app and establish a new connection.

New in this release, the app will now also suggest that the user reload the browser when the connection is lost and reconnection fails.

Reload prompt

Culture aware data binding

Data-binding support (@bind) for <input> elements is now culture-aware. Data bound values will be formatted for display and parsed using the current culture as specified by the System.Globalization.CultureInfo.CurrentCulture property. This means that @bind will work correctly when the user’s desired culture has been set as the current culture, which is typically done using the ASP.NET Core localization middleware (see Localization).

You can also manually specify the culture to use for data binding using the new @bind:culture parameter, where the value of the parameter is a CultureInfo instance. For example, to bind using the invariant culture:

<input @bind="amount" @bind:culture="CultureInfo.InvariantCulture" />

The <input type="number" /> and <input type="date" /> field types will by default use CultureInfo.InvariantCulture and the formatting rules appropriate for these field types in the browser. These field types cannot contain free-form text and have a look and feel that is controller by the browser.

Other field types with specific formatting requirements include datetime-local, month, and week. These field types are not supported by Blazor at the time of writing because they are not supported by all major browsers.

Data binding now also includes support for binding to DateTime?, DateTimeOffset, and DateTimeOffset?.

Razor Pages support for @attribute

Razor Pages now support the new @attribute directive for adding attributes to the generate page class.

For example, you can now specify that a page requires authorization like this:

@page
@attribute [Microsoft.AspNetCore.Authorization.Authorize]

<h1>Authorized users only!<h1>

<p>Hello @User.Identity.Name. You are authorized!</p>

New networking primitives for non-HTTP Servers

As part of the effort to decouple the components of Kestrel, we are introducing new networking primitives allowing you to add support for non-HTTP protocols.

You can bind to an endpoint (System.Net.EndPoint) by calling Bind on an IConnectionListenerFactory. This returns a IConnectionListener which can be used to accept new connections. Calling AcceptAsync returns a ConnectionContext with details on the connection. A ConnectionContext is similar to HttpContext except it represents a connection instead of an HTTP request and response.

The example below show a simple TCP Echo server hosted in a BackgroundService built using these new primitives.

public class TcpEchoServer : BackgroundService
{
    private readonly ILogger<TcpEchoServer> _logger;
    private readonly IConnectionListenerFactory _factory;
    private IConnectionListener _listener;

    public TcpEchoServer(ILogger<TcpEchoServer> logger, IConnectionListenerFactory factory)
    {
        _logger = logger;
        _factory = factory;
    }

    protected override async Task ExecuteAsync(CancellationToken stoppingToken)
    {
        _listener = await _factory.BindAsync(new IPEndPoint(IPAddress.Loopback, 6000), stoppingToken);

        while (true)
        {
            var connection = await _listener.AcceptAsync(stoppingToken);
            // AcceptAsync will return null upon disposing the listener
            if (connection == null)
            {
                break;
            }
            // In an actual server, ensure all accepted connections are disposed prior to completing
            _ = Echo(connection, stoppingToken);
        }

    }

    public override async Task StopAsync(CancellationToken cancellationToken)
    {
        await _listener.DisposeAsync();
    }

    private async Task Echo(ConnectionContext connection, CancellationToken stoppingToken)
    {
        try
        {
            var input = connection.Transport.Input;
            var output = connection.Transport.Output;

            await input.CopyToAsync(output, stoppingToken);
        }
        catch (OperationCanceledException)
        {
            _logger.LogInformation("Connection {ConnectionId} cancelled due to server shutdown", connection.ConnectionId);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            _logger.LogError(e, "Connection {ConnectionId} threw an exception", connection.ConnectionId);
        }
        finally
        {
            await connection.DisposeAsync();
            _logger.LogInformation("Connection {ConnectionId} disconnected", connection.ConnectionId);
        }
    }
}

Unix domain socket support for the Kestrel Sockets transport

We’ve updated the default sockets transport in Kestrel to add support Unix domain sockets (on Linux, macOS, and Windows 10, version 1803 and newer). To bind to a Unix socket, you can call the ListenUnixSocket() method on KestrelServerOptions.

public static IHostBuilder CreateHostBuilder(string[] args) =>
    Host.CreateDefaultBuilder(args)
        .ConfigureWebHostDefaults(webBuilder =>
        {
            webBuilder
                .ConfigureKestrel(o =>
                {
                    o.ListenUnixSocket("/var/listen.sock");
                })
                .UseStartup<Startup>();
        });

gRPC support for CallCredentials

In preview8, we’ve added support for CallCredentials allowing for interoperability with existing libraries like Grpc.Auth that rely on CallCredentials.

Diagnostics improvements for gRPC

Support for Activity

The gRPC client and server use Activities to annotate inbound/outbound requests with baggage containing information about the current RPC operation. This information can be accessed by telemetry frameworks for distributed tracing and by logging frameworks.

EventCounters

The newly introduced Grpc.AspNetCore.Server and Grpc.Net.Client providers now emit the following event counters:

  • total-calls
  • current-calls
  • calls-failed
  • calls-deadline-exceeded
  • messages-sent
  • messages-received
  • calls-unimplemented

You can use the dotnet counters global tool to view the metrics emitted.

dotnet counters monitor -p <PID> Grpc.AspNetCore.Server

ServiceReference tooling in Visual Studio

We’ve added support in Visual Studio that makes it easier to manage references to other Protocol Buffers documents and Open API documents.

ServiceReference

When pointed at OpenAPI documents, the ServiceReference experience in Visual Studio can generated typed C#/TypeScript clients using NSwag.

When pointed at Protocol Buffer (.proto) files, the ServiceReference experience will Visual Studio can generate gRPC service stubs, gRPC clients, or message types using the Grpc.Tools package.

SignalR User Survey

We’re interested in how you use SignalR and the Azure SignalR Service, and your opinions on SignalR features. To that end, we’ve created a survey we’d like to invite any SignalR customer to complete. If you’re interested in talking to one of the engineers from the SignalR team about your ideas or feedback, we’ve provided an opportunity to enter your contact information in the survey, but that information is not required. Help us plan the next wave of SignalR features by providing your feedback in the survey.

Give feedback

We hope you enjoy the new features in this preview release of ASP.NET Core and Blazor! Please let us know what you think by filing issues on GitHub.

Thanks for trying out ASP.NET Core and Blazor!

Correction: 8/14/2019

An earlier version of this blog post referenced a productivity feature in Blazor to automatically generate backing fields for elements that utilized the @ref attribute. Unfortunately, we missed a critical design flaw which prevents this from working end-to-end. For more information check out this announcement.

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Sourabh Shirhatti

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27 comments

  • Uwe Keim
    Uwe Keim

    The Survey question “What app frameworks are you using with SignalR clients: (Check all that apply)” presents the options as radio buttons, not a check boxes.
    This looks wrong in my opinion.

  • Avatar
    - Sam -

    Very nice !
    I’d just like to mention that when migrating from preview 7 => 8 using “onclick=@somevar” threw build errors.
    Basically, it seems that it’s now necessary to use “@onclick” instead of “onclick”, Which is good! It makes it more clear that it’s a blazor component.

  • John Tsombakos
    John Tsombakos

    Trying to convert the sample code here: https://chrissainty.com/investigating-drag-and-drop-with-blazor/ but getting an error on the first line:
    <li class=”draggable” draggable=”true” title=”@JobModel.Description” @ondragstart=”@(() => HandleDragStart(JobModel))”><p class=”description”>@JobModel.Description</p><p class=”last-updated”><small>Last Updated</small> @JobModel.LastUpdated.ToString(“HH:mm.ss tt”)</p></li>
    @code {[CascadingParameter] JobsContainer Container { get; set; }[Parameter] public JobModel JobModel { get; set; }
    private void HandleDragStart(JobModel selectedJob){Container.Payload = selectedJob;}}
    ondragenter handler is the problem – error is:
    error CS1660: Cannot convert lambda expression to type ‘EventCallback’ because it is not a delegate type

  • Avatar
    Ivan Krsmanović

    I have really big problem integrating Bing Maps into my Blazor app. Earlier I followed this tutorial https://itnext.io/using-bing-maps-in-blazor-with-jsinterop-and-typescript-90e888e0e2fd and successfully loaded map in page. I repeated all steps in my new project with updated Blazor and it won’t load map. There is no errors in VS but after app is loaded in browser it shows only empty space reserved for map and one error in browser’s console that it cannot send data because it’s not in Connected state. Is there any solution for this? Thank you!

  • Teddy Duri
    Teddy Duri

    Migrated existing project to Preview 8 and this is the issue l get:
    Could not load type ‘Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.UIMouseEventArgs’ from assembly ‘Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components, Version=3.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=adb9793829ddae60

    Ideas on how to resolve this will be welcomed.

  • Avatar
    Daniel Smith

    Regarding the @ref issues – what ever happened to the code behind partial class feature that was supposedly being implemented?  Did this feature get dropped?
    If code-behinds were implemented from the start, you guys could have avoided a lot of hassle, and many of the clunky workarounds wouldn’t be necessary.  Mixing code and markup in the same file just feels wrong.  I’m a huge Blazor fan, but this is the one thing that really bugs me.

      • Avatar
        Daniel Smith

        Thanks Artak, that’s fantactic news.  It’s a big relief to hear that partial classes is still planned for 3.1, as this is going to be a game changer, and I suspect a lot of people will prefer to have a clear separation of their markup and code.
        If maintaining support for both mixed markup/code in the same file as well as partial clasess ends up causing complications, I’d be in favour of dropping the mixed style altogether!

  • Avatar
    Mohammad M.

    Nice with all the updates, however I think it will be good with somekind of youtube or channel9 video that demonstrates the newest version of blazor using an web app

  • Indudhar Gowda
    Indudhar Gowda

    Validation and Authorization look’s Cool and Easy to Use, Way to Go.
    JavaScript guys will keep demotivating blazor…Microsoft is heading towards right direction holding blazor..
    This time nail this Javascript out of the way..Speed and light weight is the key to win the Market.
    Keep complete control on Edge and Internet Explorer , Try to blindly adopt all features of crome to IE and edge.
    Lastly ensure new features or best things is implemented to UWP,Winforms & WPF as well.

  • Avatar
    Ricardo Beck

    Hello friends, after upgrade when publiish I get this error in blazor client:
    rzc generate exited with code 2Point to: <RazorGenerate Debug=”$(_RazorDebugGenerateCodeTask)” DebugTool=”$(_RazorDebugGenerateCodeTool)” ToolAssembly=”$(_RazorToolAssembly)” UseServer=”$(UseRazorBuildServer)” ForceServer=”$(_RazorForceBuildServer)” PipeName=”$(_RazorBuildServerPipeName)” Version=”$(RazorLangVersion)” RootNamespace=”$(RootNamespace)” CSharpLanguageVersion=”$(LangVersion)” Configuration=”@(ResolvedRazorConfiguration)” Extensions=”@(ResolvedRazorExtension)” Sources=”@(RazorGenerateWithTargetPath)” ProjectRoot=”$(MSBuildProjectDirectory)” TagHelperManifest=”$(_RazorTagHelperOutputCache)” />

    • Peter albanese
      Peter albanese

      Ricardo, I had the same issue. Did you find a solution to the problem. I’m about to rollback my projetc to .NET 2.2. This latest release doesnt seem its ready.

  • Avatar
    Eric Blankenburg

    Blazor Web Assembly used to work but after upgrading I get this message:The type or namespace name ‘LayoutAttributeAttribute’ does not exist in the namespace ‘Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components’What do I do?

  • Peter albanese
    Peter albanese

    Followed the instructions above and upgraded Blazor Server app to Preview 8. Keep getting following error:”rzc generate exited with code 2″ in file C:\Program Files\dotnet\sdk\3.0.100-preview8-013656\Sdks\Microsoft.NET.Sdk.Razor\build\netstandard2.0\Microsoft.NET.Sdk.Razor.CodeGeneration.targets. Any ideas?

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