C++ Static Analysis Improvements for Visual Studio 2017 15.6 Preview 2
We’ve made a few changes to the C++ static analysis feature that should make it faster and easier to use. The behavior has changed slightly, and the menus have been moved around a bit, but we think that the new experience is faster and more consistent. Let’s take a quick look at the changes.
Single File Analysis
Developers tend to focus on a few files at a time when working on code. To make it easier to get analysis results for the files you’re editing, you can now run code analysis on a single file. This lets you get code analysis warnings without having to rebuild the entire project. We think this will be especially useful when fixing analysis warnings because it makes it convenient to check and recheck a file. After analysis runs, all analysis warnings for the file will appear in the error list.
If you have a few files you want to check, you can also select multiple files in the Solution Explorer and run code analysis on only those files.
More Consistent Menus
To make the code analysis menus easier to find, we’ve made them more consistent with their “Build” counterparts. In previous versions, you would find the menu to run code analysis on a project under the “Project Only” menu. Now the menus to start analysis on a solution, project, or file are located near their “Build X” counterpart on the “Build” menu. On the Solution Explorer context menus, look for the “Analyze” menu on the solution, project, and file nodes of the tree.
We’ve heard from developers that running code analysis takes too long. In previous versions, running code analysis required a full build and link before analysis would run. Now when you run code analysis, we no longer generate code or link. This dramatically reduces analysis run time.
One side effect is that you will no longer see some build warnings during analysis runs. You will get build warnings during builds, and code analysis warnings during analysis runs. If you prefer to see build and analysis warnings at the same time, check the “Enable Code Analysis on Build” box in the project properties and rebuild your project.
C++ Core Guidelines Checker
C++ Core Check is currently not enabled by default, so if you want to try out the new single-file analysis experience with C++ Core Check, the extension must first be enabled on the project.
These are just a few simple tweaks to improve the C++ code analysis experience. Download the latest Visual Studio preview and give them a try. We hope you will find it easier to use on your projects and that the tools help you write safer, more modern C++.
If you encounter other problems with MSVC in VS 2017 please let us know via the Report a Problem option, either from the installer or the Visual Studio IDE itself. For suggestions, let us know through UserVoice. Thank you!