Looking at the problem at the wrong level: Closing a process's stdin

Raymond Chen

Raymond

A customer was having trouble manipulating the stdin stream that was given to a process.

How do you simulate sending Ctrl+Z to a hidden console process programmatically?

I am using Redirect­Standard­Input and want to send the console a Ctrl+Z. I’ve tried sending ASCII code 26, but that doesn’t work. Generate­Console­Ctrl­Event supports Ctrl+C and Ctrl+Break but not Ctrl+Z.

Here’s what I’m doing, but it doesn’t work:

ProcessStartInfo info = new ProcessStartInfo(@"...");
info.CreateNoWindow = true;
info.RedirectStandardError = true;
info.RedirectStandardOutput = true;
info.RedirectStandardInput = true;
info.UseShellExecute = false;
Process p = Process.Start(info);
// 0x1A is ASCII code of Ctrl+Z but it does not work
p.StandardInput.WriteLine("\x1A");

The customer was kind enough to do more than simply ask the question. The customer set up the scenario and even provided a code fragment that illustrates the problem. Which is good, because the original question was the wrong question.

The customer asked about simulating typing Ctrl+Z to a console, but what they actually doing was sending a character to stdin; they weren’t sending it to a console. In fact, the way they created the process, there is no console at all.

The customer confused stdin with consoles. It’s true that Ctrl+Z is the convention used by console windows to indicate that stdin should be closed. But that is hardly any consolation when you took control of stdin yourself and are not using a console window to manage it.

It’s like saying, “Normally, when I want somebody to take my order, I pull into a parking space and turn on my headlights, and somebody will come out. But I can’t get it to work.”

Um, that’s because you pulled into your own driveway.

Ctrl+Z is a convention used by console windows to indicate that stdin should be closed, but if you said “I am going to manage stdin myself,” then you aren’t using a console window, and that convention carries no weight. If you write a Ctrl+Z to the process’s stdin, it will simply read a Ctrl+Z. But since you are managing stdin yourself, you can do it yourself: Just take the stream you set as the process’s stdin and close it.

Exercise: Perhaps you can answer this related question from a different customer:

I am trying to send a Ctrl+C (SIGINT) to a process.

CurrentProcess = new Process();
CurrentProcess.StartInfo.FileName = "foo.exe";
CurrentProcess.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false;
CurrentProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardInput = true;
StandardInputWriter = CurrentProcess.StandardInput;
char c = '\u0003';
StandardInputWriter.Write(c);
StandardInputWriter.Flush();
StandardInputWriter.Close();

If I launch the process from a command prompt and type Ctrl+C, it flushes its output and terminates, but when I start it from within my application and send it a Ctrl+C via the code above, the process is still running. How do I send a Ctrl+C to a process?

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